Glossary

 
 
ADM
Average Daily Membership. ADM is the average number of students in a school system on any given day. ADM equals the total days in membership for all students over the school year divided by the number of days school was in session.
Bond
Money borrowed to pay for a school district expenditure. Typically, the money is used for capital expenditures, such as the purchase of buses or remodeling a building. The goal in borrowing is to spread the cost out over a period of years and lessen the cost to taxpayers in any one year. By definition, a bond is a written promise to pay a specified sum of money, called the face value or principal amount, at a specified date in the future (the maturity date), together with periodic interest at a specified rate.
Budget
A financial plan that outlines estimates of proposed expenditures for a fiscal year, along with the proposed means to pay for them.
Buses, Buildings & Food (Financial Category)
Student transportation, building maintenance, heat, light, custodians, cafeteria.
Business Services & Technology (Financial Category)
Information technology, personnel, curriculum research and evaluation, printing educational materials.
Central Administration (Financial Category)
Staff salaries, benefits and supplies in the superintendent's office, or for other education leaders not located at specific schools.
Chalkboard Project
An initiative of Foundations For A Better Oregon (FBO), Chalkboard is sponsored by a growing list of independent Oregon foundations working to improve K-12 public schools. The FBO foundations include: The Collins Foundation, The Ford Family Foundation, The James F. and Marion L. Miller Foundation, JELD-WEN Foundation, Meyer Memorial Trust, and The Oregon Community Foundation.
Economically Disadvantaged
The percentage of students who were enrolled by May 1st that were eligible for free or reduced priced meals.
English Language Learners
The percentage of students who were enrolled on May 1st that have been served or were eligible for an English language development program during the school year or at any time in the past.
Full Time Equivalent
One FTE equals one full-time position, two half-time positions or any other combination of part-time positions that add up to a full-time position.
Local Option
Provides school districts with a way to seek additional property taxes within the Ballot Measure 5 limit of $5 per $1,000 of assessed value. Voter approval is required. The duration may be for 1-5 years for operating purposes, or up to 10 years for a capital project.
National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)
The National Assessment of Educational Progress is often called the "Nation's Report Card." It is the only measure of student achievement in the United States where you can compare the performance of students in your state with the performance of students across the nation or in other states. NAEP, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education, has been conducted for over 30 years. The results are widely reported by the national and local media.
Principal's Office (Financial Category)
Principals, vice-principals, secretaries, and the supplies and equipment they use to perform their jobs.
Rating Compared to Similar Schools
Schools are given a demographic index based on 1) percent economically disadvantaged, 2) percent English leaners, 3) percent black, Hispanic, American Indian/Alaska native, or Pacific Islander, and 4) within school year mobility rates. Each school is compared to the 10 schools above and below it in the index ranking.
Students with Disabilities
The percentage of students who were enrolled on May 1 that were on an Individualized Education Program at any time during the school year.
Sub-groups
Under No Child Left Behind (NCLB), the subgroups identified are Students with Disabilities; Limited English Proficient; Economically Disadvantaged; and the major Racial/Ethnic groups in the state: White, Black. Hispanic, Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaskan Native, and Multi-Racial/Multi-Ethnic. State assessment results are also disaggregated for Talented and Gifted (TAG) students and migrant students.
Title I Federal Program
Title 1 provides financial assistance to local educational agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers or high percentages of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards. Federal funds are currently allocated through four statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state.
 
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